Last but not least, you can also earn money online by building an online community, although the monetization strategies you can pursue will vary a lot depending on your goals. You can build a community with a blog, for example. You can also build an online forum and charge people for membership. You could even build up a Facebook group and use your influence there to sell and promote products.
Thanks for the list Eric. Many of these I have tested out and a few I still work on with regularity. There are many more places to join and get paid to write if one wants to become a full time freelance writer. A few places are Bright Hub($15 for an article), Textbroker(varies from .01 a word to .04), and The Content Authority(roughly same as textbroker). These are probably the easiest to get started with.
If you have previous experience as a computer programmer or have skills in this field, then there is plenty of work you can pick up as a freelancer. If lack of confidence is holding you back, then Free Code Camp is an excellent way to get your foot in the coding door. This organization provides free courses where you will build real-life apps and programs, giving you experience and plenty to add to your CV.
Amazon will have you work on micro-projects that require some sort of human interaction. Tasks can include translating a paragraph into English (or another language), rating the search results for certain keywords, or reworking an article. The tasks are simple, and you will be paid a small amount to complete each. But if you do enough tasks quickly, you can make a respectable amount of money.
Completing paid surveys is one of the most popular ways to earn extra cash online. There are entire websites devoted to nothing but surveys that you can register with and be paired with surveys that best fit your profile. You will get paid according to the terms listed at the beginning of the survey and will have the chance to add some extra money to your wallet. When taking surveys, it is important to be honest and take them seriously because you can be banned from the site the researchers determined you did not put any effort into your answers.